Deduplication Appliances

Overview

Deduplication applied to storage is a technique aimed at reducing the storage space consumption.
Deduplicated storage systems are often optimized for write operations and can offer rather high ingest rates. However, any random read I/O may suffer from re-hydration processes required during restores. For this reason we recommend to use these devices mainly as secondary targets, where parameters like price per GB are more important than restore performance.

Using a Deduplication Appliance

As a storage-agnostic product, Veeam Backup & Replication can use any deduplication appliance as a repository in different use cases: primary backup repository, backup copy repository, and Virtual Tape Library (VTL) container.

Deduplication Appliance as a Primary Backup Repository

Unless you are using DDBoost protocol on EMC DataDomain storage or Catalyst on HPE StoreOnce, you should configure primary jobs for forward incremental with active full backups - since jobs with transformation will require block "de-hydration" and then "re-hydration" on the storage. Such operations require significant time and I/O.
Note: "Re-hydration" is the act of restoring the original blocks in a non-deduplicated form. During backup files transformation the same blocks are read and then written back to the appliance where they are de-hydrated (deduplicated) again. This two-step process can generate significant load on the appliance, slowing down operations.
Also, consider that Instant VM Recovery might not be as fast as expected – unless the deduplication appliance offers a fast non deduplicated area for the most recent restore points (such as ExaGrid).
The downside of active fulls is the need to transport the entire amount of virtual machines on a weekly/monthly basis. This can lead to long snapshot commit, so this mode needs to be planned carefully. It is recommended to limit the use for primary backup jobs to the integrated deduplication appliances, where synthetic operations can be used.

Using Deduplication Appliance as a Backup Copy Repository

By default a backup copy job applies transformations to the backup chain. This could lead to the "de-hydration"/"re-hydration" overhead at the end of the backup copy job cycle, due to synthetic full or transformation. When using non-integrated appliances, use the option of Active Fulls for Backup Copy jobs.
If one of the integrated appliances is used, synthetic operations will be performed on the appliance itself, so they will require minimal additional time and lower I/O.

Using Deduplication Appliance as a Virtual Tape Library

If a deduplication appliance is used in Virtual Tape Library (VTL) mode, it is required to store the backup files in a staging area, which is uncompressed. Sending compressed and/or deduplicated backup files to a VTL will compromise the efficiency of the deduplication appliance.
The repository used for staging should be configured with "Decompress before storing" advanced option enabled, which ensures previously applied compression at the job level is ignored.
Also, ensure that the appliance meets Veeam tape requirements described in the User Guide.

File-Level Recovery and Veeam Explorers

By design, Veeam Explorers perform a large amount of random read operations on the backup repository. To optimize for such operations on deduplication devices, following the job and repository configuration best practices (see below) is paramount. If the recommendations are not fully implemented, this may lead to significant waiting time when launching file-level recovery or Veeam Explorers.
To further reduce restore time, it is recommended to enable file-level indexing for backup jobs located on deduplication repositories. Indexing VMs will remove the waiting time for mounting a restore point when browsing contents via Enterprise Manager.

Best Practices

In this section, we will distinguish between integrated and non-integrated deduplication appliances.
Integrated appliances are:
  • HPE StoreOnce - via Catalyst API
  • EMC DataDomain - via DDBoost API
  • ExaGrid - via integrated Veeam datamover
If the mentioned integration API is unavailable due to licensing restrictions, or if any other deduplication appliance is used, the appliance should be considered non-integrated.
One special case of deduplication appliance is Quantum DXi. Quantum features integrated data mover service that is able to assist Veeam Backup and Replication without need to add an appliance as a special type of repository (see Quantum and Veeam new integration for more details and KB2155 for specifics of job configuration).
In order to optimize throughput for deduplication appliances, please use the following configuration guidelines:

Job configuration

The following settings are configured in the backup job "Edit" wizard under Storage > Advanced. Options not defined in this table are optional and not related to backup repositories using deduplication storage.
Configuration tab
Setting
Value
Backup
Backup mode
Incremental
Backup
Create synthetic full backups periodically
Enabled - if integrated
Backup
Transform previous backup chains into rollbacks
Disabled
Backup
Create active full backups periodically
Enabled - if non-integrated
Maintenance
Perform backup file health check
Disabled
Maintenance
Defragment and compact full backup file
Disabled
Storage
Enable inline data deduplication
Disabled
Storage
Exclude swap file blocks
Enabled
Storage
Exclude deleted file blocks
Enabled
Storage
Compression level
Optimal
Storage
Storage optimization
Local target (16TB+ backup files)
Storage
Enable backup file encryption
Disabled
Hardware assisted encryption is available for EMC DataDomain via DDBoost, but must be configured in the integration specific repository configuration. If enabled on the job level data reduction efficiency will be significantly degraded.

Repository configuration

The following settings are configured in the "Edit Repository" wizard under Repository > Advanced.
Setting
Value
Align backup file data blocks
Enabled - only if repository uses fixed block size deduplication (almost never true)
Decompress backup data blocks before storing
Enabled
This repository is backed by rotated hard drives
Disabled
Use per-VM backup files
Enabled